The absence of moral dimension in the effort for social, economic and environmental development has caused inequality, seediness, social exclusion and exploitation of natural resources and human beings. Aim of the present work is to approach morality and ethics education from the philosophical theory of Socrates and Aristotle up to the investigation of resemblances in the teachings of monotheistic religions in our days. Ultimate aim is to reveal the values system, as essential step in the path for the achievement of sustainable development. For the recognition, perception and comprehension of these values, education and in-depth research are required. For this reason the subject is approached through bibliographical research in the sectors of philosophy, social psychology and religion.
As much as sustainable development is usually considered related to the social, economic and environmental aspects, another dimension should also be included; ethics, which includes collective and individual responsibility. To this course education is a fundamental and urgent need, which will have a catalytic effect in preparing the individual for action via scientific knowledge and a system of moral values.
To the direction of resolving not only inequality and social exclusion, but also all of the problems affecting humanity, moral education -in its formal, nonformal and informal aspects- together with scientific knowledge they can have an essential contribution. Modification of values will provide the incentive for action and catalytic change of society based in the principles of social justice aiming at prosperity.