Environmental attitude of secondary school teachers with respect to their age and qualifications

The concept of “sustainable development” is being incorporated as a guiding factor and monitoring tool to measure the degree of human success in maintaining the man-nature harmony..

The present study is an attempt to examine the environmental attitude of Indian and Iranian secondary school teachers in relation to residential background, age and educational level.

Null hypotheses:

Hypothesis 1 There is no significant difference between teachers with different age group and their environmental attitude.

Hypothesis 2 There is no significant difference between teachers with different academic qualifications and their environmental attitude.

A sample of 103 secondary schools was selected for the research work using the stratified random sampling technique. Then 1004 teachers were selected randomly from government and private schools in Mysore (India) and Tehran (Iran).

The tool used in the investigation was the Taj Environmental Attitude Scale, which measures environmental attitude of teachers in six attitude areas toward: Population, Health and hygiene, Polluters, Wild life, Forests and Environmental concerns. There are several items in each area. Initially, the Persian version was administered as a pre-test to 50 male and 50 female Iranian teachers to find out the suitability of the instruments. With a few minor revisions, the main study was continued based on the suggestion given by the teachers on the pre-test. The split-half reliability has been found to be 0.79.

Results revealed that different age group factor has no influence on teachers' environmental attitude. Also academic qualification is a factor, which can affect teachers' environment attitude in both countries.